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TRUMAN DOMESTIC POLICY

 


COLD WAR

#1 - 1992

#2 - 1981

#3 - 1996

Yalta Conference
Communist revolution in China
Korean War
McCarthyism

#3 - 1984

Assess the validity of this generalization for President Truman's foreign policy from 1945-1953.

#4

The postwar reconstruction of Germany and Japan
Nuclear proliferation
The Vietnam War
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

#5 - 1997


Intro

A. "Who the hell is Harry Truman?" (asked FDR's chief of staff in 1944)

B. As President, evoked the memory of Andrew Jackson


I. DEMOBILIZATION - planned on during the war

A. Military released 25,000 men/women / day

B. Office of War Mobilization

C. G.I. BILL OF RIGHTS - Servicemen's Readjustment Act - 1944

D. Employment Act of 1946

E. Other Aspects of Demobilization

F. Results:


II. Problems facing Truman in 1945

A. Inflation

B. Labor Unions

C. Truman lost support from liberals and conservatives


III. Do-Nothing 80th Congress - Conservative - Reactionary

A. Republicans recaptured control of the Congress - 1946

B. Truman Proposals that were blocked

C. TAFT-HARTLEY ACT - 1947

D. Presidential Succession Act - 1947

E. CIVIL RIGHTS

F. 22ND AMENDMENT - proposed in 1948 ratified in 1951

G. HOOVER COMMISSION - 1947

H. 1948 ELECTION - Domestic Issues were key


IV. Truman Fair Deal - 1949
mostly an extension of the New Deal (21 points)

A. Achievements

B. Failures

C. The Record according to Democrats


TRUMAN COLD WAR

FOREIGN POLICY


I. Introduction

A. At end of WWII, Americans were looking to "returning to normalcy"

B. Background

 

WHAT SHOULD OUR FOREIGN POLICY GOALS BE?


II. Soviet - US Relations

A. 1917-1941 - unfriendly

 

WHY DO AMERICANS HATE COMMUNISM TODAY? CHECK WITH STUDENTS FIRST! Do they still have a feel for the Cold War today?

B. 1941-1945 - friendly

C. Since 1945 - generally unfriendly Cold War


III. United Nations - Collective Security

BACKGROUND

Four Freedoms Speech - FDR - Speech, Religion, Want, Fear

Atlantic Charter - 1941 - Collective Security established as a goal of WWII

CONFERENCES

A. DUNBARTON OAKS

B. YALTA - 1945 - voting for the Security Council approved

C. SAN FRANCISCO - 4-6/1945

PURPOSES

A. Save the world from the scourge of war

B. Promote social progress, a better standard of living and larger freedom

ORGANIZATION - 6 Divisions

A. GENERAL ASSEMBLY (town meeting concept)

B. SECURITY COUNCIL

C. SECRETARIAT

D. INTERNATIONAL COURT

E. TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL

F. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL - 57 members

Spending and Receiving (1984)

UN is under some criticism today


IV. Weapons of the Cold War

A. Propaganda - win the hearts and minds of the Third World

including UN

B. Diplomatic Moves - international conferences and military alliances

C. Scientific competition - nuclear development, space race

D. Economic Competition

E. Espionage

F. Subversion - to weaken and overthrow governments that support the

other side


V. Background - Truman's Foreign Policy = Containment

A. Kennan's Containment Policy - 7/47 - Officially defined

B. NATIONAL SECURITY ACT - 7/47

C. Atomic Energy Act - 8/46


VI. Cold War Beginnings - Europe

A. Truman Doctrine - 3/12/47 - Truman announced Containment

B. Marshall Plan - 6/5/47 - Secretary of State - George Marshall

C. Berlin Blockade/Airlift - 6/28/48

D. North Atlantic Treaty Organization - 7/49 - Dean Acheson

Warsaw Pact - (began 1948-49 unofficially) 1955 - Soviet response to NATO


VII. Cold War - Asia

A. Chinese Civil War - Mao Zedong vs. Chiang Kai-shek breaks out again

B. Japan

C. Korean War


VIII. Cold War - Middle East / Third World

A. Iran Ultimatum 3/6/46

B. Creation of Israel - 1948

C. Point Four Program - 1/49


IX. Cold War - Containment at Home

A. Iron Curtain Speech - 3/15/46 - Winston Churchill - Fulton, Missouri

B. Causes of the 2nd Red Scare

C. McCarthyism - a result of the Red Scare

D. 1952 Election


III. The Cold War

(term used in 1947, but it began even before WWII ended!)

B. Stopping Soviet Aggression


IV. The Further Containment of Communism

C. The Berlin Crisis - threatened to turn the Cold War hot!

D. Truman's Second Term

E. Containment in Asia


VI. Evaluation of Containment


V. Truman's Legacy